Germany today attracts foreigners from many countries by its great opportunities to realize their potential as a qualified specialist, to obtain European education, a stable political and economic situation, standard of living, social security. Its economy is one of the largest in Europe, graduates of German schools receive high-quality and prestigious education. Population of Germany in 2016 is about 80.6 million people, the unemployment rate is little more than 4.2%.
Migrant workers coming to Germany face a high level of competition. Qualified specialists of technical professions, natural sciences have real chances of employment. German legislation strictly regulates the relations between of migrant workers and German employers, since today many EU citizens are trying to find work in the country because of high social standards: salaries, social benefits, health care.
The government of the country is interested in attracting foreign specialists in order to maintain economic growth and stimulates the flow of foreign investment, but also protects its labor market.
EU citizens are entitled to freedom of employment in the German labor market, but provided a longer stay a residence permit is only issued.
The main issue for job seekers from the CIS countries and other countries outside the EU in finding a vacancy is to obtain a work permit. Therefore, it is necessary to search for a vacancy and the employer while being in your own country, and neither Germans, nor other EU citizens should claim this vacancy.
In case of a positive response from the employer and obtaining a letter of invitation the job seeker shall address to the German consulate, the embassy in his home country with the list of specified documents for work visa. After moving to Germany within a week it is required to visit the local registration office (Einwohnermeldeamt) to confirm the residential address. Further it is required to apply for a residence permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis), which is issued for one year with the right of prolongation.
Highly qualified specialists from CIS countries can take advantage of EU Blue Card registration.
When signing a contract with a German employer, a foreign citizen receives a work permit:
- General Employment – for workers with professional qualifications of different directions;
- Specialist Professional – for senior management managers, university professors, masters, specialists;
- Self-Employed – for those who set up a business in Germany.
Residents of the CIS countries have the opportunity to find a job in the spheres of production, information technology, service sector:
- qualified engineers in the field of mechanical engineering, shipbuilding, instrumentation, automotive industry, construction;
- scientists, teachers;
- information technology specialists;
- specialists of hotel and restaurant business and tourism.
German labor market today makes it possible for many migrant workers of different occupations to find a job. Vocational education should be confirmed for compliance with German. In the process of employment, experts with German, British, Swiss diplomas are in greatest demand among employers. Only the one who possesses high level knowledge of German or English may reckon upon specialised work. There are high chances to work in the big cities.
Salaries in Germany are:
- more than 5 thousand euro per month for doctors, lawyers and qualified engineers;
- from 3 to 5 thousand euro per month for the managers of large companies, programmers, university professors and other specialists;
- around 2 thousand euro per month for specialists of blue-collar occupation.
The minimum official salary in 2016 is 8.5 euro per hour, and the average salary (gross) in 2015 is 3 450 euro per month according to the German Federal Office of Statistics.
More details on immigration to Germany are available on the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees http://www.bamf.de